Building a package

When you are ready to build the package you can issue the simple command

$ bzr builddeb

This will build the package and place it in ../build-area/. There is also an alias of bd provided for this, so that

$ bzr bd

will do the same thing.

By default it uses debuild to build the package. If you would prefer to use something else then you can use the --builder option to control this. For instance to build in a pbuilder chroot you can run

$ bzr builddeb --builder pdebuild

If you would like to always build with a different command you can save yourself from having to type it every time by changing your preferences. See the Configuration Files section for how to do this.

If you wish to pass extra options to the builder, such as -v then you can do it by specifying them after -- on the command line, e.g.

$ bzr builddeb -- -v0.1-1

At this point you should specify the -S option before the -- so that the tool knows that you are building a source package.

If you have a slow builder defined in your configuration (see Configuration Files) then you may want to bypass this sometimes. If you are trying to quickly test changes to a package you might just want a quick build. It would be possible to do this by specifying --builder on the command line, but this might be tiresome if you have a long command that takes a lot of options. An alternative way to do this is to use the --quick option. This option means that running

$ bzr builddeb --quick

uses the quick-builder. This command defaults to fakeroot debian/rules binary, but you can set the quick-builder option in a configuration file if you wish to customise it.

If you are running in merge mode and you have a large upstream tarball that takes a while to unpack, you can avoid having to wait for that on every build by unpacking it once and then reusing the unpacked source. To do this you need to export the package from the branch once:

$ bzr builddeb --export-only

and then on each subsequent build use the --reuse and -dont-purge options. N.B. This may cause spurious build failures, especially if files are removed, it is advisable to build without --reuse after removing any files. If you still build with --dont-purge then you will be able to reuse again on the next build with both --dont-purge and --reuse.

--export-only is also useful for other tasks, especially when running in merge mode, for instance getting a full build directory to test things out, or to manipulate patches.

There are many more options available when building. The output of

$ bzr help builddeb

lists them all.

Remote Branches

It is possible to build directly from remote branches, e.g.:

$ bzr builddeb

This doesn't require you to have any of the branch history locally, and will just download what is needed to build the branch.

If you do not have different directories set in ~/.bazaar/builddeb.conf then all actions will take place within ./build-area/, which should avoid overwriting any files that you wish to keep.